Rosette and single-element strain gauges were implanted on the tibia in 2 dogs and recordings were made during locomotion on a treadmill.

At foot contact and during the swing phase of locomotion, bone strains were low and directions of the principal strains were variable.

There was a large shift in the directions of the principal strains at the beginning of the stance phase and bone strains were considerably higher.

Peak strain occurred midway through the stance phase. At that time, the maximum principal strain (tension) was directed upwards and anteriorly between 30 and 60 degrees with respect to the long axis of the tibia.

These bone strain patterns in the dog are similar to those found in sheep while both differ markedly from those found in humans.

Bouvier M., Hylander W.L.